© Dr Sarah J Buckley MD 2009
This article may be copied and circulated for personal use and also for use by birth professionals, provided that all information is retained and credited. For permission to translate, publish or post online, please contact Sarah via her website www.sarahjbuckley.com
Excerpted from the book Gentle Birth, Gentle Mothering: the wisdom and science of gentle choices in pregnancy, birth and parenting (One Moon Press, 2005)
For more information about the amazing placenta and placenta rituals, , see Sarah’s new book Gentle Birth, Gentle Mothering: A Doctor’s Guide to Natural Childbirth and Gentle Early Parenting Choices (Celestial Arts, 2009) available worldwide.and at www.sarahjbuckley.com
Lotus birth is the practice of leaving the umbilical cord uncut, so that the baby remains attached to his/her placenta until the cord naturally separates at the umbilicus- exactly as a cut cord does- at 3 to 10 days after birth. This prolonged contact can be seen as a time of transition, allowing the baby to slowly and gently let go of his/her attachment to the mother's body.
Although we have no written records of cultures which leave the cord uncut, many traditional peoples hold the placenta in high esteem. For example, Maori people from New Zealand bury the placenta ritually on the ancestral marae, and the Hmong, a hill tribe from South East Asia, believe that the placenta must be retrieved after death to ensure physical integrity in the next life: a Hmong baby's placenta is buried inside the house of its birth.
Lotus Birth is a new ritual for us, having only been described in chimpanzees before 1974, when Clair Lotus Day- pregnant and living in California- began to question the routine cutting of the cord. Her searching led her to an obstetrician who was sympathetic to her wishes, and her son Trimurti was born in hospital and taken home with his cord uncut. Lotus Birth was named by, and seeded through Clair to Jeannine Parvati Baker in the US and Shivam Rachana in Australia, who have both been strong advocates for this gentle practice.
Since 1974, many babies have been born this way, including babies born at home and in hospital, on land and in water, and even by caesarean section. Lotus birth is a beautiful and logical extension of natural childbirth, and invites us to reclaim the so-called third stage of birth, and to honour the placenta, our baby’s first source of nourishment.
I am a New Zealand GP (family MD in America), and have 4 children born at home in my adopted country, Australia. I have experienced Lotus birth with my second and subsequent children, after being drawn to it during my second pregnancy through contact with Shivam Rachana at the Centre for Human Transformation in Yarra Glen, near Melbourne. Lotus birth made sense to me at the time, as I remembered my time training in GP obstetrics, and the strange and uncomfortable feeling of cutting through the gristly, fleshy cord that connects baby to placenta and mother. The feeling for me was like cutting through a boneless toe, and it felt good to avoid this cutting with my coming baby.
Through the CHT I spoke with women who had chosen this for their babies, and experienced a beautiful post-natal time. Some women also described their Lotus-Birth child's self-possession and completeness. Others described it as a challenge, practically and emotionally. Nicholas, my partner, was concerned that it might interfere with the magic of those early days, but agreed to go along with my wishes.
Zoe, our second child, was born at home on the 10th of September 1993. Her placenta was, unusually, an oval shape, which was perfect for the red velvet placenta bag that I had sewn. Soon after the birth, we wrapped her placenta in a cloth nappy, then in the placenta bag, and bundled it up with her in a shawl that enveloped both of them. Every 24 hours, we attended to the placenta by patting it dry, coating it liberally with salt, and dropping a little lavender oil onto it. Emma, who was 2, was keen to be involved in the care of her sister's placenta.
As the days passed, Zoe's cord dried from the umbilical end, and became thin and brittle. It developed a convenient 90 degree kink where it threaded through her clothes, and so did not rub or irritate her. The placenta, too, dried and shrivelled due to our salt treatment, and developed a slightly meaty smell, which interested our cat!
Zoe’s cord separated on the 6th day, without any fuss; other babies have cried inconsolably or held their cord tightly before separation. We planted her placenta under a mandarin tree on her first birthday, which our dear friend and neighbour Annie later dug up and put in a pot when we moved interstate. She told us later that the mandarins from the tree were the sweetest she had ever tasted.
Our third child, Jacob Patrick, was born on the 25th September 1995, at home into water. Jacob and I stayed in the water for some time after the birth, so we floated his placenta in a plastic ice-cream carton (with the lid on, and a corner cut out for the cord) while I nursed him. This time, we put his placenta in a sieve to drain for the first day. I neither dressed nor carried Jacob at this time, but stayed in a still space with him, while Nicholas cared for Emma, 4, and Zoe, 2. His cord separated in just under 4 days, and I felt that he drank deeply of the stillness of that time.
His short "breaking forth" time was perfect because my parents arrived from New Zealand the following day to help with our household. He later chose a Jacaranda tree under which to bury his placenta at our new home in Queensland.
My fourth baby, Maia Rose, was born in Brisbane, where Lotus birth is still very new, on 26 July 2000. We had a beautiful ‘Do It Yourself’ birth at home, and my intuition told me that her breaking forth time would be short. I decided not to treat her placenta at all, but kept it in a sieve over a bowl in the daytime, and in the placenta bag at night. The cord separated in just under 3 days and, although it was a cool time of year, it did get become friable and rather smelly. (Salt treatment would have prevented this). Maia’s placenta is and I broke off a piece of her dried cord to give to her when she is older.
My older children have blessed me with stories of their lives before birth, and have been unanimously in favour of not cutting the cord- especially Emma, who remembered the unpleasant feeling of having her cord cut, which she describes as being “painful in my heart”. Zoe, at five years of age, described being attached to a ‘love-heart thing’ in my womb and told me “When I was born, the cord went off the love-heart thing and onto there (the placenta) and then I came out.” Perhaps she remembers her placenta in utero as the source of nourishment and love.
Lotus birth has been, for us, an exquisite ritual which has enhanced the magic of the early post natal days. I notice an integrity and self-possession with my lotus-born children, and I believe that lovingness, cohesion, attunement to nature, trust, and respect for the natural order have all been imprinted on our family by our honouring of the placenta, the Tree of Life, through Lotus Birth.
7 comment(s) on this page. Add your own comment below.
I understand that the cord is still connected to the infant but is it still connected to the mother and if so isn't that highly uncomfortable for the mother??
"My older children have blessed me with stories of their lives before birth, and have been unanimously in favour of not cutting the cord- especially Emma, who remembered the unpleasant feeling of having her cord cut, which she describes as being “painful in my heart”. Zoe, at five years of age, described being attached to a ‘love-heart thing’ in my womb and told me “When I was born, the cord went off the love-heart thing and onto there (the placenta) and then I came out.” Perhaps she remembers her placenta in utero as the source of nourishment and love."
Yeah sure.... ;|
Dana, the placenta leaves the mother's womb and remains attached to the cord. It is easy to care for it until the cord comes away at the navel 3-7days after birth.
My 3 1/2 year old daughter recently had a series of conversations with me recollecting her birth, time in NICU from day 3-10 and about her placenta. and what happened to it. In one of the conversations one morning as we snuggled in bed, she was twirling her hair intensely and became really upset asking me 'what happened to my placenta?'...'why did they take it away?'...'I want it back, it was important to me! They need to give it back'. We practiced delayed cord cutting, had an un-medicated home birth but I didn't know about lotus birth back then.
I asked my daughter what she would have wanted to happen as she was so distressed by the memories of her placenta leaving her and being cut away and taken away and she said 'I wanted it to stay until it dropped off. I didn't want them to cut it and take it away'. She beautifully described lotus birth without ever hearing anything about it which just pulled at my heart strings. We had a massive cry together and cuddle and are going to plant a tree in memory of her placenta.
Her distress at me not being able to get her placenta back was significant and it was hard to explain to her why in fact it did go, why the hospital 'needed' it (her words) etc. etc. I was acutely aware of our decision making as parents can be so flawed for our kids. While we have loving intentions and we are doing the best we can with the knowledge we have at the time, these decisions can still have such a big impact on our babies early experiences and then expectations of life going forwards. Thank you for raising awareness of this precious gift and practice for our babies.
..... What. There is no evidence that this helps the baby physically at all. Psychologically, perhaps. But even then it sounds like these stories from the children are just words they are repeating. Of course if they grow up with a parent telling them how precious and sacred their placenta is they will come up with falsified affection for it, even though they have very little recollection. Meanwhile cord blood has been found to be invaluable and have numerous benefits to seriously ill people - why does this practise, that helps no one, take priority over helping others?
I had a full Lotus Birth with my son, now 9 weeks. Sure there might not be scientific evidence for the effects of LB but you could equally apply that argument to the otherworldliness encountered when giving birth. For me (both things!) were glorious. My boys placenta fell off naturally after 4 days. During that time I kept it in a woven box covered in salt, cinnamon and fresh flowers (as is the custom here in Bali). Every time he felt anxious those early days he would hold his cord and find obvious solace there. He was very much emotionally connected to it. Since then, he has grown to become a very peaceful and gentle soul. I believe wholeheartedly that this is in part down to the gentle transition Lotus Birth gave him. As for taking cord blood - a barbaric act if you ask me! To steal your babies much needed source of nutrient and emotional solace in the frightening act of being birthed. Keep it gentle I say!!
I really recommend googling Robin Lim, an incredible midwife I had the luck to work with here. She runs a wonderful birth clinic - Bumi Sehat - and has written a book on Lotus Birth that can be bought and downloaded online...
Leah states that there is no physical benefit from either a lotus birth or from delayed cord cutting, that it is better to store the baby's blood.
The thing that most ppl do not realize is that when you clamp the cord quickly after birth and opt to store "cord blood" what you are, in fact, doing is forcing your newborn baby to basically donate 1/3 of it's available blood volume. Nature intends to give that blood to the baby, but immediate clamping prevents that. By at least waiting for a few hours after birth to cut, the placenta has a chance to do its full job. By not cutting at all, you give the baby a chance to adjust to the separation.
Just my two cents worth.