The time line of the Save Birth Choices campaign to save private midwifery and women's rights to choice in Australia.
The Rudd Government said that they were committed to improving maternity services for Australian women. Minister Nicola Roxon (Minister for Health and Aging) conducted a Maternity Services Review asking for public input into how the maternity services could be improved. It was hoped that this review would allow Medicare and professional indemnity (PI) insurance for private midwives.
The recommendations from the Maternity Services Review were made public. Despite an overwhelming 56% of submissions advocating for more affordable homebirth options, the recommendations ignored these submissions
On 1st July 2010 all health care professionals will come under the national registration scheme for which they have to demonstrate they have PI insurance whenever they practice. All health professionals, with the exception of private practice midwives, are able to purchase such insurance or are covered by their employer. In 2001 midwives were no longer able to purchase PI insurance as they were not considered a financially viable group by insurance companies. Without insurance, a private midwife attending a homebirth after 1st July 2010 would be outside the conditions of their registration. The recommendations of the Maternity Service Review (above) had said that homebirths would not be funded or insured and the intersection of the national registration scheme and the national maternity reforms meant that registered midwives could not provide homebirth care without being deregistered.
Save Birth Choices website was started by myself and some passionate women in my area. We also coordinated visits to local federal members of parliament for Sydney residents and later extended our support to other states.
A Senate Inquiry was held into the bills before parliament that would effectively outlaw private midwives attending homebirths. Nearly 2000 submissions were received for this inquiry which was outstanding. The findings of the inquiry was that though private midwives would have difficulty in attending a homebirth as a registered practitioner this was an "unintentional consequence" of the new registration system. The Senate recommended passing the midwifery bills which were unrelated to the national registration scheme in law.
In July one of my midwifery clients was filmed giving birth at home. This coverage was later put to air for Sunday Night on Channel 7 - the first prime time segment dedicated to this cause.
Homebirth Australia hosted a rally at Parliament House in Canberra. On a freezing cold, raining day over 3000 women, men and children turned out on the lawn of Parliament to protest the proposed changes to homebirth. The turn-out far exceeded expectations. It was phenominal. See my YouTube channel for footage of the rally and photographs in the image gallery below.
Our Save Birth Choices group coordinated the virtual rally tickets which were a sea of purple ladies all purchased and representing people that would like to have been there but couldn't be.
Two days prior to the Homebirth Rally Nicola Roxon announced a 2 year exemption for private midwives to carry professional indemnity insurance if they attend homebirths. The result being that homebirths with a registered private midwife in attendance can continue up until 30th June 2012 (under conditions which were not outlined).
The Government announced that for midwives to work in private practice they must work in “collaborative arrangements” with doctors. Although these “collaborative arrangements” were only for care covered by Medicare, therefore excluding homebirth – there was grave concern that the 2 year exemption may also be impacted. Doctors (who are not mandated to enter agreements) had the right to veto the decisions of the mother and midwife and could withdraw collaborative arrangements at any point. At one stage this amendment also impacted the government’s indemnity package attached to Medicare which would have meant that withdrawing from the arrangement could render a midwife uninsured impacting her registration. However the government quickly withdraw the requirement for “collaborative arrangements” to register just leaving it impacting which midwives would have access to Medicare.
The My Birth, My Choice rally's were held outside MP's offices in Sydney, Brisbane and Melbourne. The Brisbane rally outside Kevin Rudd's office made the news.
Yet another Senate Inquiry was announced, to investigate the amendment to the Medicare bill going through parliament that requires a “collaborative arrangement” by a midwife with a medical practitioner. Again over 2000 submissions were received, demonstrating the passion of consumers and midwives. The Department of Health and Aging stated that a “collaborative arrangement” may not be a signed agreement between doctors and midwives but they did not provide other examples.
In late December the first draft of the conditions around the homebirth exemption were released by Vic Health who are in charge of that process. These conditions also mandated a signed collaborative letter between doctors and midwives. Effectively this arrangement would give doctors the power to decide where a woman gives birth.
The Senate Inquiry recommendations were released. The finding of the inquiry is that midwives will require a “collaborative arrangement” with a medical practitioner to access Medicare Benefits Scheme (MBS) and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PSB) but not the Midwife Professional Indemnity (Commonwealth Contribution) Scheme being sought by the government. The definition of a “collaborative arrangement” has not been provided yet. It may be a written agreement signed by the doctor and midwife, but it may not be. Midwives and women wanting homebirth care after July 1 are awaiting the definition in Federal parliament in the coming weeks.
On the 18th of February people from all different backgrounds gathered in 15 locations across Australia to register their protest at the Rudd Government's policies that threaten to restrict options for women giving birth. The Our Bodies, Our Babies, Our Rights Rally gained reasonable media coverage.
On Tuesday 16th March the Australian Senate passed bills that enable eligible midwives to provide Medicare funded antenatal, birth and postnatal care and to be able to prescribe certain medicines under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS). Medicare rebates are only available for birth in hospital. Rebates for prenatal and postnatal care will be available to all woman, including women birthing at home. The new Medicare Benefits Scheme for midwifery and PBS will commence the 1st November 2010. Details of what is an eligible midwife and how the new system is to work is yet to be announced. You can read more Maternity Service Reforms fact sheet released by the commonwealth government and a summary called the National Maternity Reform by the Australian College of Midwives.
There is only 5 weeks to go until the commencement of the national registration scheme for midwives. It is stressful time for midwives in private practice and for women planning homebirth.
From July 1st Midwives must have professional indemnity insurance or potentially be penalised by the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). There is an exemption from the requirement for private practice midwives to hold professional indemnity insurance in relation to homebirth for a period of 2 years. Midwives attending homebirths will still need insurance for pre and postnatal care. At this point there is still no information about how the homebirth exemption will be administered. Midwives attending homebirth will need to do three things to avoid problems with the NMBA:
Soon midwives will be able to obtain professional indemnity insurance from at least 2 sources:
From the first of November Medicare rebates will be available for pre and postnatal midwifery care and for birth in a clinical setting. Midwives will need to qualify as an eligible midwife. What this means remains unclear. However it is likely to be a midwife who:
Last updated 28th May 2010 with thanks to Anna Russell and Liz Wilkes for their help in writing this article.