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Planning for Pregnancy: Preconception Care

Planning for pregnancy Preconception care

Preconception care can make a positive difference to your health and the health of your child. More and more evidence points to the fact that the way we were nourished and grew in our mother’s womb can have an important impact on your health as an adult. It is now popular to seek information and health care prior to trying to conceive a baby. This seeking of information can help prepare you physically and emotionally for pregnancy and parenthood. The information provided here is basic. There are a number of health care practitioners now providing preconception care. These practitioners included midwives, naturopaths and medical practitioners. You can visit one of these practitioners for in-depth information.

The aim of preconception care is to prepare your body for pregnancy, birth and beyond. This preparation ideally should occur for at least four months prior to trying to fall pregnant (Naish and Roberts, 1998). If this is not possible, try for at least one months preparation. Preconception care improves your chances of falling pregnant more easily, having a healthy pregnancy and health baby and aiding recovery after the birth. What steps can you take to improve your health and what things should you avoid? The following frequently asked questions will provide you with some guidelines.

What nutritional supplements are advisable when I am planning to fall pregnant?

The one universally recommended supplement is folic acid. Folic acid is a B group vitamin that is needed for the healthy growth and development of the baby in the first weeks of life. By taking a folic acid supplement, research has found that birth defects such as spina bifida are reduced. The recommendation is to take at least 500 micrograms of folic acid per day for at least one prior to pregnancy and for the first three months of pregnancy (Australia New Zealand Food Authority, 1998).

Other nutritional supplements may be of benefit. It is wise to consult a health care practitioner specialising in preconception care for advise. Supplements that may be recommended include a balanced multivitamin/mineral supplement, iron (if stores are low), zinc (if a deficiency exists) and calcium if your diet is lacking. Obviously eating a well balanced diet is ideal and drinking plenty of water (10 to 12 glasses per day) is ideal.

Are there any tests or procedures recommended before falling pregnant?

A good place to start is by visiting a health care practitioner specialising in preconception health care. They can take a detailed history, provide a physical check and offer advise where necessary. Blood tests may be recommended. The blood tests may include a full blood count and ferritin levels (women often have low iron stores prior to pregnancy) and a test to see whether you are immune to rubella. Further blood tests depend on need. A test to check urine for infection, protein and glucose may be advised. A PAP smear may be recommended if it is due. A blood pressure check is done to ensure that it is within the normal range. A dental check up is also a good idea.

What simple steps can I take to improve my health before pregnancy?

Some simple steps you can undertake include:

  • Eat a well balanced diet
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Take nutritional supplements wisely
  • Quit or cut down smoking cigarettes
  • Avoid caffeine - in large amounts caffeine has been shown to decrease the chances of falling pregnant. Once pregnant it is recommended that caffeine should be limited eg. maximum of two cups of coffee or 3 cups of tea per day. Remember coke and chocolate also contains caffeine.
  • Avoid alcohol - Alcohol even in moderation has been found to reduced the chances of falling pregnant. Once pregnant there has been no safe level of alcohol identified - so ideally avoid alcohol all together.
  • Avoid medication unless recommended by a doctor (make sure that they are aware that you are trying to fall pregnant). This includes medication you can purchase over the counter.
  • Avoid contact with chemicals - You can use alternative green cleaning products, do not treat the house for pests, avoid passive smoking and use safety precautions at work if in contact with hazards eg. chemicals, lead etc.
  • If you have a cat, get someone else to empty the kitty litter due to the risk of infection with toxoplasmosis
  • Avoid over heating - particularly saunas and spas. If exercising make sure you wear cool, comfortable clothing and drink plenty of water.
  • If you do not exercise, try to start a reasonable and regular exercise routine - this has great benefits for pregnancy as well as your general health (see FAQ on exercise in pregnancy).
  • Avoid stress and practice relaxation
  • Visit a health care practitioner specialising in preconception care.
  • (Naish and Roberts, 1998; Ogle, 1999)

What role does preconception care have for men?

Preconception care is just as important for men as for women. The contribute half the genetic material that makes up the baby. It takes sperm three months to develop so that they are able to fertilise an egg. So it makes sense to practice preconception care for men for at least three months prior to trying to conceive a baby. Guidelines for men are very similar to those provided for women. If men followed these it would go a long to improving the health of his sperm, the chances of a healthy conception and baby (Ogle, 1998).

Reference List

  • Australia New Zealand Food Authority. (1998). [Folate: Make it part of your day]. 
  • Naish, F., & Roberts, J. (1998). The natural way to better babies. Australia:     
  • Ogle, A. (1998). Before your pregnancy: Prepare your body for a health 
  • Ogle, A. (1999). [12 tips to follow before conceiving a baby]. ParenthoodWeb

28th July 2000

Jane Palmer is a mother, birth activist and midwife in private practice located in Sydney, Australia. With additional qualifications as a childbirth educator and lactation consultant, Jane works to improve pregnancy, birth and parenting options for families.


20 comment(s) on this page. Add your own comment below.

Oct 14, 2011 5:57pm [ 1 ]

Hi, we are trying for baby for 2 mnths, but not able to conceive yet. wat to do?

Oct 16, 2011 11:30pm [ 2 ]

Hi Anamika - it is quite common for a couple to take six months or more to conceive a baby. Most doctors will not start trying to find a cause for infertility until a couple have been trying for 12 months. Have you done any preconception care? Preparing your body for pregnancy can increase your chances of conceiving a baby.

Jan 21, 2012 1:43pm [ 3 ]

Hi, we have decided to have a baby but in 3 years, i know is long time yet but, I have thyroid problems and i'm celiac so i'm really concern about my health and the future baby. So i thought may be it would be a good idea to prepare from now doing some changes. do you thiks woulb be a good idea or should i wait until close to the 3 years?

Apr 29, 2012 11:20pm [ 4 ]

Me and my partner have decided to try for baby number one in about a year and a half, so we decided I should stop taking "the pill" now is there any tips for preparing our body's , very excited !!!

Jul 10, 2012 7:59pm [ 5 ]

hi.. i got married last month and we tried for pregnancy and we were doing daily but a got my periods this month. please suggest me how to get pregnancy soon?

Nov 10, 2012 1:58pm [ 6 ]

Hi, I am 29 yrs old. Last month I had a miscarriage, my obs told me not to try for next three month..do you think still I do have chance to get pregnant again?

mrs shipra bakshi
Dec 14, 2012 1:13am [ 7 ]

iam 27 yrs old.iam planning to get pregnant afterfour months.as such iam physically fit but hae acidity and gas prroblem,what are the precautions reccommended for me.

Jul 18, 2013 8:32pm [ 8 ]

Hi i have two babies in a period of 3 yrs of marriage.my last delievry hpnd in sep 2012.then in dec i got preg again bt suffered a missed abortion at 6 weeks.my dr sai od to wait for 6 mnths.now 6 mnths r over.i m taking iron,calcium and folic acid.should i start trying.

Sep 13, 2013 9:45pm [ 9 ]

Hi, we are planning to have baby and tried it for almost one year but so far no baby yet. We start thinking to find help. Where can I find preconception clinic in Canberra? Thank you

Nov 24, 2013 10:24am [ 10 ]

I want to conceive a baby boy for that what I have to do? Any special tips and process for How to do intercourse during sex? What time is best for the conceive Pregnancy?

Anuradha Shah
Feb 3, 2014 5:12pm [ 11 ]

Hi.. I am 30yrs and my husband is 32yrs. We have been married for past 5 years. We have been trying for a baby past 12 months but unsuccessful and now I have got problems with my menstrual cycle. It was never regular but now its worst. I don't get my periods for 3 months. I feel obessed and irritated. Consulted Gynae before 2 months and under medication, but still no good. Please suggest any solution. really frustrated.

Sep 14, 2014 1:38am [ 12 ]

hi,iam 28 yrs and married been married about 1yr and 7 month we been trying for a baby 5 months cause my husband is a seaman,my ob prescribe some fertility medicine but nothing happen,till my husband go back to work so i need another 9months again trying to concieve,may i ask if painful monthly period cause infertility or any?im stressed some my friend asking when i become pregnant...

Nov 24, 2014 7:39am [ 13 ]

I am 34 years old and have been trying to get pregnant for the last 2 years. my husband and I went to the fertlity clinic and we were told that my husband has very low sperm count and I on the other hand produce less eggs in a month ( less than 10).I was also told that through medication and medical procedure my husband's sperm count can be increased. Unfortunately there was nothing that can be done to increase my egg count. is this true or are there any methods which can help me increase the eggs. The doctor also mention that once my husband's sperm count is stable and strong we should try IVF.

Fleur Wiseman
Nov 24, 2014 9:11am [ 14 ]

I am 41 and happily married to a 46 year old husband, we have reached a settled period in our lives and want to have a baby as soon as possible. As far as we are aware neither of us have any fertility issues - it is just my age that is the evident concern. Please can you advise on the best way to find a preconception specilist for a consultation and guidance. Many info sources recommend this but I am struggling to find someone.

shazia ubed
Apr 20, 2015 3:27am [ 15 ]

Hi... I have iron deficiency anaemia . How much dose of iron I have to taKe..

Nov 5, 2015 11:40am [ 16 ]

Hii.. I'm 23 (1992) My son is 6 (2009)

I have been trying since my son was 1 to Have another baby :( Failed..

I fell pregnant in (2013) for 13 weeks before loosing My Baby due to Ectopic Pregnancy, causing my Left Tube And ovary to be Removed. :(

Since then have been Trying desperately to Fall Pregnant !! Please could someone help me.. :(

Jan 31, 2016 2:44pm [ 17 ]


We are planning for a baby. I am suffering for depression and taking anti depressants from last 3 years. My wife is fine and she does not take any medications. I am concerned if my depression will have impact on our baby. Please advise.

Please keep my name and email address private. Thank you.

Mar 7, 2016 4:20pm [ 18 ]

I am 27 years old married 54 years old men.we have been trying for a baby for about 4 years now..please help

Jun 8, 2016 10:16pm [ 19 ]

Iam 26 years old married to a 29 year old women, she always have painful periods every month and we have been ,married for almost 2 years and she is not getting pregnant, have got a baby with another women so i definitely know its not my fault please help.

Jun 22, 2016 10:55pm [ 20 ]

You are right that along with both the partners, your body also needs to be ready to have a baby. Even in my case we were trying for a good six months, but was no success. Then we headed for a preconception appointment with a health care consultant at Cloudninecare. He go through all our medical history & clearly makes us understand the importance of a body & its readiness to have a baby. We get the odd outs of our life & that one appointment really helps. we are now a proud parents of a little boy.

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